This past week in response to a lecture on the War of Spanish Succession and the Bourbon Reforms, some students in my History of the Early Andes class made a compelling argument against the prevailing belief that Charles II was incapable of producing an heir. Charles II, whose death led to the end of Hapsburg rule on the Iberian peninsula, was a renown for his, shall we say, feebleness. The students provided persuasive visual evidence:
From feebleness to lyrical mastery in just 280 years? I’ll leave to you all to reach your own conclusions. We simply report, you decide.